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Southern Italy, Handbook for Travelers by BAEDEKER (1893)1

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Bari the ancient Barium, which is still, as in the time of Horace, well supplied with fish, a seaport, and the capital of a province, with 60,600 inhab., is the most important commercial town in Apulia. It is one of the most ancient bishoprics in Italy, and is now the seat of an archbishop. In mediaeval history it is frequently mentioned as the scene of contests between Saracens, Greeks, and Normans, etc. In 1002 it was wrested from the Saracens by the Venetians. William the Bad destroyed the town in 1156, but William the Good restored it in 1169. Bari was an independent duchy from the 14th cent. down to 1558, when it was united with the kingdom of Naples.1

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Calabrie 1


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Calatafimi 1


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Catania 1


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Contorni dell' Etna 1


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Girgenti 1


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Southern Italy 1


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Messina next to Palermo the chief commercial own of Sicily, with upwards of 80,000 inhab., the seat of an appeal court, an archbishop, and a university, is situated on the Faro or Strettoi Messina, and is overshadowed by a range of rugged rocky peaks. In grandeur of scenery it vies with Palermo ... The town is on the whole well built, and has several handsome streets. The animated harbour is flanked by the Marina or Corso Vittorio Emanuele. Parallel to the Marina runs the Via Garibaldi, beyond which is the Corso Cavour; and the Via dei Monasteri, still farther from the quay, forms a fourth parallel street. The upper streets of the town, and particularly the Via Monasteri, afford charming glimpses of the sea and the opposite coast of Calabria through the cross-streets.1


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Napoli 1


Please note that this map is split into two images (left and right). Click on the left side to view the first half, click on the right side to view the second half.


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Palermo the capital of Sicily, with 267,000 inhab., is the military, judicial, and ecclesiastical headquarters of the island, and possesses one of the seven principal Italian universities. It lies on the west side of the Bay of Palermo, which opens towards the E., and is enclosed by the fertile plain of the Conca d'Oro, beyond which rises an amphitheatre of imposing mountains... Palermo is justly entitled to the epithet 'la felice', on account of its magnificent situation and delightful climate. The town is on the whole well built, although the houses are generally of unimposing exterior. It forms an oblong quadrangle, the E. end of which adjoins the sea. Two main streets divide it into four quarters. A new quarter of the town, consisting chiefly of villas and residences for visitors, has sprung up to the N. of the Via Cavour.1

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Selinunte 1


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Sicilia 1


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1892 First Edition 1892 of "The Story of the Nations - Sicily by T. Fisher Unwsin.


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Siracusa which was in ancient times the most important town in Sicily, and indeed the most important of all the Hellenic cities, now contains 23,600 inhab. only. It is situated on an island close to the cost, and is the seat of a prefect and a bishop, but its trade is unimportant ... In the height of its prosperity Syracuse contained no fewer than 500,000 inhab., and it extended over a large tract of the lofty coast to the N.W. This is one of the most interesting points in Sicily, its natural beauties vying with its great classical attractions. 1


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Trapani 3 the ancient Drepana (from drepanon, a sickle), so called from the form of the peninsula, a prosperous town with 37,655 inhab., lies at the N.W. extremity of Sicily, and is the seat of a prefetto and a bishop. The harbour is good and the trade of the place not inconsiderable (exportation of salt to Sweden and Norway). Coral, shell-cameos, and alabaster works are specialties of Trapani. The churches are open all day. (3 1912 Southern Italy and Sicily, Handbook for Travelers by BAEDEKER, with Excursions to the Sardinia, Malta, and Corfu, Leipzic: Karl Baedeker, Publisher.


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Ustica - Civil Military and Religious Construction in the second half of the 1700's